u:japan lectures

Season 3 | Fall-Winter 2021/22 | University of Vienna - Department of East Asian Studies - Japanese Studies


Tatamis and Concrete – Antonin Raymond and the challenges of early modern architecture in interwar Japan

14.10.2021 18:30 - 20:00

A virtual u:japan lecture by Yola Gloaguen (East Asian Civilizations Research Centre, Paris)

| Abstract |

Antonin Raymond is one of few Western architects who allow us to explore the dynamics at work in the development of modern architecture in a non-Western context. Together with his wife and work partner Noemi Pernessin, the Czech born American architect arrived in Japan on the eve of 1920 to join Frank Lloyd’s international team and assist with the building of the new Imperial Hotel in Tokyo. Soon, Raymond opened his own office in the capital, setting out to become one of the pioneers of modern architecture in Japan. The human and technical challenges taken on by the architect and his international team are embodied in a large body of work produced between 1921 and 1938, particularly a large number of private houses and villas designed in Tokyo and its surrounding resort areas. Such works reflect the increasing demand for the design of a dwelling suited to both a Western and Japanese lifestyles by Tokyo’s international elites. It also reveals the technical challenges of fire and earthquake-proof construction in the domestic field. This is reflected in both the spatial design and construction techniques adopted by Raymond and his office over the first 15 years of his practice, drawing both on the international modernist idiom of the interwar period and the characteristics of premodern local architecture. After a brief presentation of Raymond’s pre-Japan background, the talk will focus on the architect’s design process, from a spatial and technical point of view, as well as his role in the genesis of modern Japanese architecture. The presentation of various architectural examples will highlight the way Raymond and his team developed a way of design based on the appropriation and adaptation of selected elements of the Japanese vernacular into the Western modernist idiom, which itself had to be re-evaluated in the particular context of Japan. Through the medium of architecture, this talk offers a reflection on the reassessment of the usual binaries of Western influence and Japanese adaptation.

| Bio |

Yola Gloaguen is a post-doctoral researcher at the East Asian Civilizations Research Centre in Paris, France. After receiving her degree in Architecture from Paris La Villette School of Architecture, she became a postgraduate student at Kyoto University and studied the history of modern architecture in Japan, with a focus on cultural and technological exchange between Japan and the Western world. In this context, she took a particular interest in the work of Czech born American architect Antonin Raymond (1888-1976), who lived and practised in Tokyo for 43 years, starting in 1921. In 2016, Yola Gloaguen obtained a PhD from École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris, with her dissertation entitled Les villas réalisées par Antonin Raymond dans le Japon des années 1920 et 1930. Une synthèse entre modernisme occidental et habitat vernaculaire japonais (Villas designed by Antonin Raymond in interwar Japan – A Synthesis between Western Modernism and the Japanese Vernacular). Since then she has regularly contributed papers and book chapters to publications on the history of Japanese architecture and landscape. She is currently preparing the publication of a monograph based on her PhD dissertation.

| Date & Time |

u:japan lecture | s03e01
Thursday 2021-10-14, 18:30~20:00
max. 300 participants 

| Plattform & Link |

univienna.zoom.us/j/93383068603
Meeting-ID: 933 8306 8603 | PW: 074906

Instructions and Netiquette (in English and German)
How to join a lecture via Zoom Meeting (in English)
Frequently Asked Questions (in English)

| Further Questions? |

Please contact ujapanlectures.ostasien@univie.ac.at.

Organiser:

Department of East Asian Studies - Japanese Studies

Frauen als groteske Monster – Weiblichkeit und Abjektion in den Werken Kirino Natsuos

21.10.2021 18:30 - 20:00

A virtual u:japan lecture by Anna-Lena von Garnier (Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf)

| Abstract |

Die japanische Autorin Kirino Natsuo (*1951) erhebt sich in ihrer Literatur bewusst gegen die patriarchalen Machtstrukturen Japans, das sie als „Bubblonia“ bezeichnet, in Anlehnung an die Wirtschaftsblase der 80er Jahre und ihr Platzen im Jahr 1990, was wirtschaftliche Stagnation und sozialen Verfall nach sich zog. Sie ist größtenteils bekannt durch ihre Kriminalgeschichten, die sich dem so genannten „gesellschaftskritischen Krimi“ (shakaiha) zuschreiben lassen. Kirino zeichnet in ihren Werken ein dystopisches Bild Japans, in dem ihre Figuren mit Prekariat, Einsamkeit und der Unmenschlichkeit des kapitalistischen Systems konfrontiert werden.

Obwohl Kirino sich nicht als feministische Autorin versteht, stehen gender-orientierte Thematiken in ihren Werken häufig im Vordergrund und in den Lebensgeschichten ihrer Figuren zeichnet sie unter anderem strukturelle, sexistische Diskriminierung am Arbeitsplatz, Sexualisierung und die Abwertung älterer Frauen in einer männerdominierten Gesellschaft nach. Ihre Herangehensweise ist meist intersektional und zeigt auch Schwierigkeiten anderer marginalisierter Gruppen auf. Die starke Zäsur durch den Zusammenbruch der Wirtschaftsblase 1990 wird in Kirinos Werken besonders deutlich.

Im Vortrag beschäftige ich mich mit ihren Werken „Out“ (1997) und „Grotesque“ (2003), in denen Kirino ihre weiblichen Protagonistinnen in einem patriarchalen System agieren lässt, das keine weibliche Agenda zulässt und Frauen, die von der traditionellen Geschlechterrolle der Hausfrau und Mutter abweichen, bestraft. Weibliche Figuren, die in die männlich dominierte Arbeitswelt vordringen oder sexuelle Selbstbestimmung entwickeln möchten, werden als „Monster“ und „grotesk“ bezeichnet und die Subversion gegen bestehende Geschlechterrollen skandalisiert und abgewertet.

Dies erinnert stark an Julia Kristevas Theorien zum Abjekten. Kristeva definiert das Abjekte als einen Zusammenbruch der symbolischen Ordnung, der durch den Verlust der Unterscheidung zwischen Subjekt und Objekt hervorgerufen wird und sich meist durch Gefühle des Ekels äußert. Die grundlegendste Form von Abjektion stellt dabei Ekel vor Essen oder Verwesung dar, jedoch findet sich Abjektion auch in der Störung bestehender gesellschaftlicher Ordnungen und in diesem Sinne können auch feministische Strömungen und Subversionen gegen bestehende Geschlechterrollen als abjekt gedeutet werden. Im Vortrag soll daher herausgearbeitet werden, inwiefern weibliche Handlungen und Lebensentwürfe innerhalb der patriarchalen Welt Kirinos als subversiv und somit abjekt gelesen werden können.

| Bio |

Anna-Lena von Garnier studierte von 2007 bis 2014 Modernes Japan und Kunstgeschichte an der Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. Während des Studiums absolvierte sie von 2009 bis 2010 ein Auslandsjahr an der Ryûkyû-Universität in Okinawa, Japan. Seit 2016 ist sie Promotionsstudentin und am Institut für Modernes Japan der Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. In ihrem Dissertationsvorhaben beschäftigt sie sich mit der Inszenierung weiblicher Körper in der Literatur moderner japanischer Autorinnen am Beispiel von Kôno Taeko, Kirino Natsuo und Kanehara Hitomi.

| Date & Time |

u:japan lecture | s03e02
Thursday 2021-10-21, 18:30~20:00
max. 300 participants 

| Plattform & Link |

univienna.zoom.us/j/99494863402
Meeting-ID: 994 9486 3402 | PW: 071802

Instructions and Netiquette (in English and German)
How to join a lecture via Zoom Meeting (in English)
Frequently Asked Questions (in English)

| Further Questions? |

Please contact ujapanlectures.ostasien@univie.ac.at.

Organiser:

Department of East Asian Studies - Japanese Studies

What does the individual stand for? Victims, Survivors and Noble Spirits in Japanese Memorial Museums

28.10.2021 18:30 - 20:00

A virtual u:japan lecture by Frauke Kempka & André Hertrich (ÖAW)

| Abstract |

Emotionally highly charged representations of individuals have become a prominent feature in many museums commemorating atrocities around the world. However, similar exhibition designs do not necessarily imply similarities in the contents of an exhibition or in its contributions to debates on commemoration. As a means to convey very divergent narratives about the war we will focus on representations of individuals at the Women's Active Museum (WAM), the Yûshûkan and Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum. All three museums refer to WWII, but are otherwise worlds apart in their contributions to debates on how to commemorate the war in Japan. 

The WAM is a small private museum. It commemorates women who were exploited for sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese Military around Asia, the so-called comfort women. Its exhibition places a strong emphasis on Japanese perpetratorship and the victimization of the women survivors. Since the state's involvement in and responsibility for the systematic perpetration of sexual slavery is often broadly rejected by conservative or right-wing actors in debates on WWII commemoration, the WAM is taking a critical stance towards mainstream debates. The Yûshûkan however represents a completely different brand of war memorialization. It is part of the Yasukuni Shinto Shrine, where the spirits of 2.5 million Japanese war dead are enshrined and deified. The Yûshûkan exhibits artifacts that are attributed to the individuals worshipped as “noble spirits” at Yasukuni Shrine. The exhibition stresses their humanity as loving husbands or dutiful sons and daughters and highlights their death as the ultimate sacrifice for their loved ones, alongside emperor and nation. Whereas the Yûshûkan seeks to present its "noble spirits" as role models for today's generation, the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum places its focus on the victimization of the city's population by the atomic bomb and the horrors of nuclear warfare. Especially the new exhibition, which opened doors after an intensive renovation in 2019, puts the stories of beloved ones killed by the atomic bomb in the centre of its attention. Thus, the exhibition aims at “psychologically impact and […] emotionally grip the visitors” (City of Hiroshima) by concentrating on the individual victim and the feeling of loss and grief.

We are therefore presenting findings from three Japanese museums that are representing opposing ways of commemorating WWII. Yet individual photographs, personal artifacts and biographies are on display in all three exhibitions. In our presentation we are unravelling the different expositions of individuals within the WAM, the Yûshûkan and the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum. Assuming that “an exposition is always also an argument” (Bal 1996), we outline the museums' arguments as a contribution to the ongoing debates on how to commemorate WWII in Japan.

| Bio |

Frauke Kempka is an Associated Researcher with the Globalized Memorial Museums ERC project at the Institute of Culture Studies and Theatre History, Austrian Academy of Sciences. She holds a Ph.D. in Japanese Studies from Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany and an M.A. degree in East Asian Art History and Japanese Studies from Freie Universität Berlin. 

André Hertrich is a Post-Doc Researcher with the Globalized Memorial Museums ERC project at the Institute of Culture Studies and Theatre History, Austrian Academy of Sciences. He holds an M.A. in Modern History and Japanese Studies from the Ludwig-Maximilians University (Munich), an M.A. in Peace and Conflict Studies from the Philips University (Marburg) and a Ph.D. degree in Japanese Studies from the University of Hamburg. 

| Date & Time |

u:japan lecture | s03e03
Thursday 2021-10-28, 18:30~20:00
max. 300 participants 

| Plattform & Link |

univienna.zoom.us/j/94260785861
Meeting-ID: 942 6078 5861 | PW: 503422

Instructions and Netiquette (in English and German)
How to join a lecture via Zoom Meeting (in English)
Frequently Asked Questions (in English)

| Further Questions? |

Please contact ujapanlectures.ostasien@univie.ac.at.

Organiser:

Department of East Asian Studies - Japanese Studies

Season 3 | Fall-Winter 2021/22

The third season of the u:japan lectures will start at the 14th of October 2021 in a hybrid format, again consisting of distinguished scholars delivering lectures about crucial subjects in Japanese studies. Here you find a first list of speakers, so you can already reserve a spot in your busy timetable for our lecture series.

 

# | DATE | PRESENTER | AFFILIATION

  • #1 | 14.10.2021 | Yola Gloaguen | CRCAO
  • #2 | 21.10.2021 | Anna-Lena von Garnier | Universität Düsseldorf
  • #3 | 28.10.2021 | Frauke Kempka & André Hertrich | ÖAW
  • #4 | 04.11.2021 | Ronald Saladin | Universität Trier
  • #5 | 11.11.2021 | Paul Rosdy "ZUFLUCHT IN SHANGHAI" | (Film Screening + Gespräch)
  • #6 | 18.11.2021 | Maren Haufs-Brusberg | Universität Düsseldorf
  • #7 | 25.11.2021 | Christoph Schimkowsky | University of Sheffield 
  • #8 | 02.12.2021 | Michael Strausz | Texas Christian University
  • #9 | 09.12.2021 | Junko Fukumoto | Fukuoka Prefectural University (Online Lunch Lecture)
  • #10 | 16.12.2021 | Sabine Frühstück | UC Santa Barbara
  • #11 | 13.01.2022 | Adrian Favell | University of Leeds
  • #12 | 20.01.2022 | Aleksandra Kobiljski | EHESS
  • #13 | 27.01.2022 | Eriko Tomizawa-Kay | University of East Anglia